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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 895
 Date Entered 25/09/2015
 Updated on 18/10/2015
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Mining Related
 Record Type Mining
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Location Apedale, south side
 Civil Parish Castle Bolton with E and W Bol
 Brit. National Grid SE 02564 93995
 Record Name Apedale Old Smelt Mill and structure associated with slag crushing to recover lead prills.
 Record Description Apedale Old Smelt Mill located within an earlier hush gulley and above an extensive area of lead slags of differing size and character and probably also of differing age. The small circular stone structure and short wall foundation shown on the photo images was originally thought by me to be a Bale Structure embedded within later slags but has now been identified by Dr Richard Smith as the well preserved base of a structure associated with the recovery of lead prills embedded within crushed black glassy slag. The Old Smelt Mill is located some 500m west of the site of the later Apedale Cat Scar Smelt Mill (now demolished) below Dents Houses. The Old Smelt Mill is shown on 1st Edition OS Maps but not listed or described by Clough in his 'Smelt Mills of the Yorkshire Dales'.
 Dimensions For the Old Mill, See Photo 1. Crusher foundation 4.5m diameter with short length of wall foundation
 Additional Notes My thanks to Dr Richard Smith and Alan Mills for their advice. Any errors are my own.
 Image 1 ID 6471         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Apedale Old Smelt Mill. Remains of the buildings and the possible chimney are not visible from the Apedale Road.
 Image 2 ID 6501         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Apedale Old Smelt Mill. Remains of the substantial buildings.
 Image 3 ID 6502         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description These remains obscured below heather may be the foundation of the Smelter Chimney.
 Image 4 ID 6498         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Apedale Old Lead Mill as shown on early OS Map
 Image 5 ID 6503         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description View across area of slags towards Apedale Head
 Image 6 ID 6504         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Detail of slags
 Image 7 ID 6465         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Apedale. View towards Dents Houses from the area with slags below the Old Mill. Circular stone structure and short wall foundation embedded in crushed slag fragments.
 Image 8 ID 6466         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Detail of the crusher.
 Image 9 ID 6467         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Area of crushed black lead slag, all one size together with dumps of uncrushed slags of different appearance and size
 Image 10 ID 6468         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Detail of last
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