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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 399
 Date Entered 14/12/2011
 Updated on 24/12/2011
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Settlement
 Record Type Archaeology
 Site Access Army Range
 Record Date 01/01/2005
 Location Downholme Moor. Sidebank.
 Civil Parish Downholme
 Brit. National Grid SE 1138 9815
 Altitude 250m
 Geology Richmond cherts overlying the Main Limestone which forms a scarp at Sidebank and the sheer cliff at White Scar.
 Record Name DOW100. Downholme Moor. Sidebank.Linear settlement and associated coaxial field system (DOW101)
 Record Description Open linear village type settlement comprising eleven separate homesteads with integral coaxial field system (DOW101). Each feature listed as DOW01-18 and 33 spaced at intervals on the upper slopes of an elevated grassland terrace above the scarp formed by the outcrop of the Main Limestone. The homesteads are associated with coaxial field boundaries which run across the terrace, see DOW101. A further homestead settlement (Site 33) is located above the unfenced road at SE1173 9875. Wessex Archaeology Earthwork Survey dated August 2002. Note! Wessex Survey was based on TCL Walkover Survey Maps, TCL01A,B, Schedule of Sites TCL01C and Site Plans TCL01. The Schedule of Sites, annotated Site Plans TCL01 and Sketched Reconstruction Drawing, EAL1 are provided to assist interpretation of the palimpsest of sites on Downholme Moor. NOTE! The Wessex Earthwork Survey Maps, Site Plans and Schedule of Sites in their final form are the property of DE and copyright of Wessex Archaeology or NAA – in the ‘grey ‘literature, not readily available to the interested Public. However, the Wessex Report and Survey is now entered on the YDNP HER and should be accessible. See also TCL walkover survey map: Location of Sites. TCL Schedule of sites to be surveyed and EAL Sketch Reconstruction of settlements above Sidebank Wood. From SE1138 9815 to SE1151 9943
 Dimensions See walkover survey plans and photographs
 Additional Notes Army Range. Training Area. RESTRICTED ACCESS. The settlement area can be seen from the permissive footpath which follows the top edge of Sidebank Wood. This record is the walkover survey completed in advance of a full instrument survey completed by Wessex Archaeology and commissioned by Defence Estates. Linear settlement and associated coaxial field system (DOW101) (for details of settlements and coaxial field system see listed integral site record sheets) This settlement complex was first recognised by the author and reported to the Catterick and Feldom Conservation Group in April 1990. The whole complex of sites on Downholme Moor was surveyed to modern standards by NAA on behalf of Wessex Archaeology on Commission from Defence Estates in the summer of 2002, (Wessex Archaeology Earthwork Survey, August 2002 Reference 49255,02.). Each of the homesteads, associated field boundaries and the features not directly associated with the settlements, ie of different age comprising areas with small cairns and irregular field banks, a burnt mound, cup marked rocks, later ditched boundaries etc are listed separately as DOW 01.1-. and DOW100- These Records are based on my own records. The subsequent Earthwork Survey and Gazetteer prepared by Wessex Archaeology for DE shares the same notation. Additional record sheets are numbered DOW100- and additional features recognised and surveyed by NAA on Downholme Moor for Wessex have the prefix A. Note. In addition, the coaxial field system and all individual settlements, cairns, rock art sites etc above Sidebank Wood and on Downholme Moor each to be recorded seperately on this database.
 Image 1 ID 1798         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Sidebank from the road from Hudswell. The settlements are on the open terrace above White Scar and on moorland southward from the road.
 Image 2 ID 1717         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Downeholme Moor. Sidebank and How Hill circa 100BC perhaps. E.A.Laurie Reconstruction. View westward towards How Hill.
 Image 3 ID 1719         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Location Plan. Site numbering.
 Image 4 ID 1721         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Schedule of sites including settlements, field boundaries, burial mounds, clearance cairns, rock art, burnt mounds
 Image 5 ID 1722         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Schedule continued
 Image 6 ID 1723         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Schedule continued
 Image 7 ID 1724         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Schedule continued
 Image 8 ID 1725         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Schedule continued
 Image 9 ID 1726         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Schedule continued
 Image 10 ID 1727         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Schedule continued
 Image 11 ID 1727
 Image 11 Description 
 Image 12 ID 1728
 Image 12 Description 
 Image 13 ID 1729
 Image 13 Description 
 Image 14 ID 1730
 Image 14 Description 
 Image 15 ID 1720
 Image 15 Description Main Plan. Settlements at Sidebank.
 Image 16 ID 1731
 Image 16 Description Site 1 Enclosed settlement and round house, above Downholme Quarry. How Hill in the background.
 Image 17 ID 1732
 Image 17 Description Site 1 Enclosed settlement and round house, above Downholme Quarry.
 Image 18 ID 1734
 Image 18 Description Sidebank. Scooped settlement on terrace (Site No 14 ) and view towards Holgate How in distance.
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