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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 411
 Date Entered 03/01/2012
 Updated on 04/01/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 02/08/2010
 Location Newsham CP. Arndale Beck. Upper or Sheepfold Scar
 Civil Parish Not known
 Brit. National Grid NZ 0490 0626
 Altitude 408m
 Geology Low cliff or scar at top edge of stream cut valley formed from outcrop of Richmond Chert strata. The Main Limestone outcrops lower down by the stream and supports a different woodland, with hazel and wych elm.
 Record Name Newsham CP. Arndale Beck. Upper or Sheepfold Scar
 Record Description Species poor woodland on chert strata exposed on a South west facing cliff on northern edge of upper reach of incutting stream valley. Cliff approximately 10m high maximum with relict woodland. Yew, rowan, hawthorn and dog rose on the cliff. Bird cherry and ash (Repreenting enrichment from the Main Limestone, are present on a small outcrop lower down and upstream some 150m west. Wych elm with hazel in the ravine cut through the Main Limestone lower downstream, recorded seperately see HER412.
 Dimensions See photos
 Geographical area Swaledale North Bank Catchment
 Species Yew
 Scientific Name Taxus baccata
 Common / Notable Species Yew, rowan, hawthorn, dog rose. Bird cherry and ash lower down on limestone. NOTE! Wych elm, hazel and sallow are absent from the chert strata which forms this cliff.
 Additional Notes Several very large specimen yews grow on the chert strata of this Scar.The destructive effects of the root systems of the larger yews on the thin bedded strata of the cliff is very evident, see photos. Two large mature yews are recently dead and have fallen (tree ring opportunity). Several seedling yews were seen to be present, see photos.The cause of the recent death of two mature yew trees is not understood and may repay further research. The presence of seedling yews is encouraging and they appear not to be suffering from rabbit or sheep damage, saee photographs. Several yews here are large and of great age, see photographs and are, at 408m elevation, close to the local altitudinal limit for this species. The vegetation (not yet fully recorded) on this scar is generally acidic with heather and golden rod as examples.
 Image 1 ID 1901         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Arndale Beck. The Sheepfold Scar with yew and ling in flower, August.
 Image 2 ID 1906         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Arndale Beck Scar. Yews on Chert Strata with an acidic flora including downy rose, ivy, heather, golden rod
 Image 3 ID 1898         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description The western end of the Scar with yews, rowan and bird cherry (Prunus padus), near the stream below
 Image 4 ID 1899         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Yews, one alive and one dead. Western end of the Scar.
 Image 5 ID 1900         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Yews on the Scar above the ruined sheepfold.
 Image 6 ID 1902         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Seedling yew No 1.
 Image 7 ID 1903         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Seedling yew No 2.
 Image 8 ID 1904         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Fallen remains of a yew.
 Image 9 ID 1905         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description The same yew. Skeletal remains on cliff.
 Image 10 ID 1908         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Wild strawberries below the cliff.
 Image 11 ID 1910
 Image 11 Description View upstream from Arndale Scar with bird cherry near stream.
 Image 12 ID 1911
 Image 12 Description Yew No 4 and 5 (Eastern part of the Scar) viewed from the west
 Image 13 ID 1912
 Image 13 Description Yew No 4 and 5 (Eastern part of the Scar) viewed from the west. Note the thin bedded strata of the Richmond Chert Series.
 Image 14 ID 1913
 Image 14 Description Yew No 4. Detail.
 Image 15 ID 1914
 Image 15 Description Yew No 5 from the east with heather on the chert strata.
 Image 16 ID 1915
 Image 16 Description Yews Nos 4 and 5 from above.
 Image 17 ID 1916
 Image 17 Description Yew No 5. Detail.
 Image 18 ID 1917
 Image 18 Description Yew No 5. Detail.
 Image 19 ID 1918
 Image 19 Description Yew No 5. Detail.
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