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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 393
 Date Entered 10/12/2011
 Updated on 10/12/2011
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Burial Mounds and Cairns
 Record Type Archaeology
 SWAAG Site Name 
 Site Type 
 Site Name 
 Site Description 
 Site Access Army Range
 Record Date 01/01/2005
 Location Ellerton Moor
 Civil Parish Ellerton Abbey
 Brit. National Grid SE 072 963
 Altitude 365m
 Geology Strata above the Main Limestone.
 Record Name ELL04 Ellerton Moor. Large round cairn on Moor Edge.
 Record Description Cairn at A on Figure 3. Round cairn 10.5m diameter built with clearance stones and with three visible stone spurs at the perimeter. Reduced by quarrying and disturbed in the centre by the construction of a shelter. This cairn false crested at the point where Mickle Fell and The Pennine Escarpment overlooking The Vale of Eden is visible through Arkengarthdale and across the level plain of Stainmore Forest. This cairn marks the most direct and lowest track way of all Pennine crossings. Both Swaledale and Wensleydale lead nowhere and are in effect cul de sacs. NOTE! ARMY RANGE DANGER AREA! This site is on an active Army Firing Range. Access is NOT ALLOWED without express written permission from the Army Range Authorities.
 Dimensions 10.5m diameter.
 Geographical area 
 Scientific Name 
 Common / Notable Species 
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 
 Tree: Position / Form / Status 
 Tree Site ID 0
 Associated Site SWAAG ID 0
 Additional Notes This is the largest stone cairn in a cairnfield of around 20 cairns with coaxial field boundaries.(ELL05). Groups of small cairns with stone field banks or ‘cairnfields’are interpreted as of agricultural clearance origin. However the cairns may also serve as burial monuments, as at Crawley Edge above Stanhope where two cairns of a similar cairnfield were excavated and one found to contain a cremation in a collared urn of early Bronze Age type (Young 1992). This round cairn is large for the area and was constructed entirely of field clearnce stones as are the small cairns and field banks which are masked by thick heather on the high moorland spur to the west of Juniper Gill. Round cairns are always constructed from clearance stones and small rocks collected from the surrounding area. There are no definite examples of earthen barrows in Swaledale. Most small barrowlike mounds are small drumlins of glacial origine.
 Image 1 ID 1646         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description The round cairn and view north west through Arkengarthdale.
 Image 2 ID 1645         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Location Plan. Round cairn, cairnfield and field system west of Juniper Gill.
 Image 4 ID 1648         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description The round cairn. Note short radial spurs, these spurs are fairly commmon features on prehistoric cairns in the Pennines.
 Image 5 ID 1649         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description As last. Different view.
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