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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 646
 Date Entered 25/11/2012
 Updated on 25/11/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Ring Cairns
 Record Type Archaeology
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 23/11/2012
 Location Cotherstone Moor. Goldsborough. Summit.
 Civil Parish Cotherstone
 Brit. National Grid NY 95472 17687
 Altitude 387m
 Geology Namurian sandstone capped isolated hill.
 Record Name Ring cairn on summit of Goldsborough Hill. Cotherstone and the effects on the moorland vegetation of reduction of sheep.
 Record Description This embanked stone faced ring work some 11m diameter overall is interpreted here as a probable ring cairn and is defined by a circular stone dump earthfast bank with occasional unworked facing stones on both inner and outer faces. The Late Dennis Coggins first recorded this ring cairn during fieldwork in the early 1990's leading to the discovery of the grouped rock art sites on Goldsborough and subsequently those at West Loups Farm, see Laurie, T.C. 1992. 'The Archaeology of West Loups' in Catterick and Feldom Conservation Group Monograph Project '92: 'Battle Hill Ranges and Red Scar' pp 5-7 and Figure 1 (attached) and Beckensall and Laurie 1998 'Prehistoric Rock Art of Co. Durham, Wensleydale and Swaledale.' Durham County Books. This ring cairn, as it is supposed to be, is one of very few similar ringworks not to have been excavated. The majority of these monuments also termed enclosed cremation cemetaries have been investigated by archaeologists, finds from these ringworks typically include cremation burials contained within collared urns, pygmy incense cups and date from the Neolithic through to the Middle Bronze Age. The rock art sites recorded in this area are likely to predate the ring cairn, but do reflect the seasonal activity of Bronze Age and Neolithic transhumant pastoral family groups in this area. Two of the most comprehensively excavated and published examples of ring cairns in the NW and NE of England include: 1. The multi period ringwork comprising double concentric ring timber post circle with overlying stone embanked ring cairn at Oddendale , near Shap excavated by Percival Turnbull and Deborah Walsh (Turnbull and Walsh 1997. ' A prehistoric Ritual Sequence at Oddendale, Near Shap.' Trans. Cumberland and Westmoreland A. & A. Soc Vol XCV11, 1997. pp11-44. 2. The ring cairn with standing stone, other ringworks and cairnfield at Danby Rigg on the NYM excavated by Prof. A.F. Harding et al. 1994. ( Harding, A.F. et al. 1994. Archaeol. Journal 151 (1994), 16-97.)
 Dimensions 11m diameter overall
 Additional Notes Finally, attention is drawn to the fact that the moorland vegetaion on the summit of Goldsborough is today very different to that which was present when my earlier photo was taken during the 1990's. The stone bank of the ring cairn is clearly visible on the earlier photo which was taken during a field walk lead by me to Cotherstone Moor by members of a University of Leeds Extra Mural Class in the early 1990's. The ring bank is today very difficult to recognise as the moorland vegetation and the soft rushes are much more rampant and luxuriant following reduction in sheep headage and in the reduction of grazing the moor.
 Image 1 ID 3734         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description The ring cairn on the summit of Goldsborough photographed on 23 November 2012.
 Image 2 ID 3735         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description The same ring cairn photographed during a field walk at the same time of year during the 1990's
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