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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 653
 Date Entered 08/12/2012
 Updated on 08/12/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Public Footpath
 Record Date 05/12/2012
 Location Arkngarthdale. The Moor Edge above Castle Farm
 Civil Parish Reeth
 Brit. National Grid NZ 03034 01176
 Altitude 253m
 Geology Drift over the Middle Limestone.
 Record Name Ancient ash coppard at Castle Farm.
 Record Description This fine old ash tree is inconspicuous except when seen at close hand. A number of relatively minor on growth ash trunks rise from a fat stub trunk of very large proportions,17'6'' (5.6m) girth. This tree is not really a coppice or a pollard, hence the term coppard. The ground has been eroded from the trunk leaving it exposed as a stub. As a coppice, this tree provided a useful crop of ash timber or firewood at intervals of about 40 years and, as the wall swerves to avoid the tree was already ancient when the 17C dry stone field wall seperating pastures from the open fell was constructed.
 Dimensions 17'6'' (5.6m) girth
 Geographical area Swaledale North Bank Catchment
 Species ash
 Scientific Name Fraxinus excelsior
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 5.6m
 Tree: Position / Form / Status Coppard
 Additional Notes An early trackway rises from two late prehistoric house platforms (to be recorded seperately) to pass close by this ash tree. The dry stone wall was built on and the ash tree grows on an ancient lynchetted field boundary, the uppermost element of an early lynchetted field system which predates the present dry stone walled fields of Castle Farm.
 Image 1 ID 3818         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description This photo was taken in February 2010 when damage from starving rabbits was evident. Today, the threat to ancient ash trees from ash die back fungus is real and old trees as this must be recorded before they are lost
 Image 2 ID 3819         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description 
 Image 3 ID 3820         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description 
 Image 4 ID 3821         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description 
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