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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 778
 Date Entered 19/02/2014
 Updated on 20/02/2014
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Army Range
 Record Date 19/02/2014
 Location Stainton Middle Wood below Spring Scar.
 Civil Parish Stainton
 Brit. National Grid SE 0895 9700
 Altitude 290m
 Geology  a)Spring Scar: Limestone cliff formed from massively bedded strata of The Main Limestone with overlying strata of Richmond Cherts. b) Richmond Chert Strata which outcrop above the Main Limestone. c) Limestone Scree and consolidated talus below the cliff. d) Kame terrace. e) Protallus rampart and the glacial hill slope deposits below. All these features are within Stainton Middle Wood east of the Ellerton Parish Boundary.
 Record Name Ancient woodland within Stainton Middle Wood.
 Record Description This record will provide an introductory photographic record of the species rich coppiced oak /birch/hazel woodland with occasional yews which survive within Stainton Middle Wood, between areas of plantation or secondary woodland below the eastern section of Ellerton or Spring Scar. The limestone yew dominant woodland on and below the sheer face of the eastern section of Ellerton Scar or Spring Scar east of the Parish Boundary will form a seperate record.
 Dimensions See photos
 Common / Notable Species Fieldwork at the location is not yet complete. Further details of the vegetation will be added following further recording. For details of the yew-rich woodland on the sheer limestone cliff named Spring Scar to the east of the Stainton/Ellerton Abbey Parish Boundary, see SWAAG Record No XXXX. For details of the woodland on and below Ellerton Scar west of the Stainton/Ellerton Boundary, see SWAAG Record No YYY.
 Additional Notes The yew dominant woodland on and below Ellerton Scar to the east of the Parish Boundary has been recorded on SWAAG Record Nos ZZZ.
 Image 1 ID 5080         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Relict oak/Birch/Hazel coppice woodland with occasional large yews.
 Image 2 ID 5081         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Red Admiral butterfly feeding on the fermenting juices of the red fleshy yew arils.
 Image 3 ID 5082         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Red Admiral butterfly on yew.
 Image 4 ID 5083         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description The Stainton Oak. The largest oak coppiced tree recognised to date in Swaledale. Native oaks are virtually absent from Swaledale west of Marrick. Native oaks have been recognised to date only at Waitegate Wood, at the head of Marske Beck, and on How Edge Scars in Whitsundale.
 Image 5 ID 5084         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description The Stainton Oak.
 Image 6 ID 5085         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Ellerton Scar west of the Ellerton/Stainton Parish Boundary
 Image 7 ID 5086         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Ellerton Scar within Stainton Middle Wood east of the Ellerton/Stainton Parish Boundary.
 Image 8 ID 5087         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Birch, hazel and bird cherry thicket on the protallus rampart at the edge of the kame terrace.
 Image 9 ID 5088         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Birch, oak, hazel and yew coppice.
 Image 10 ID 5089         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Birch, hazel and yew coppice.
 Image 11 ID 5090
 Image 11 Description Isolated yew in Mid Stainton Wood, detail.
 Image 12 ID 5091
 Image 12 Description Isolated yew in Mid Stainton Wood, detail.
 Image 13 ID 5092
 Image 13 Description Oak coppice in Mid Stainton Wood.
 Image 14 ID 5094
 Image 14 Description Oak coppice in Mid Stainton Wood.
 Image 15 ID 5093
 Image 15 Description Birch coppice.
 Image 16 ID 5095
 Image 16 Description Birch and hazel coppice.
 Image 17 ID 5096
 Image 17 Description Mature downy birch with hazel.
 Image 18 ID 5097
 Image 18 Description Hazel with bird cherry. Bird cherry is present within fenced woodland but not in pasture will not survive where subject to grazing pressure.
 Image 19 ID 5098
 Image 19 Description Yew with exposed roots, note the amount of erosion of the land surface- an indicator of the age of this yew.
 Image 20 ID 5099
 Image 20 Description Spring has arrived! But this was during 2010! Pussy willow, sallow or Salix caprea.
 Image 21 ID 5100
 Image 21 Description Sallows, both S.caprea and S. cinerea are occasionally present on and below the limestone cliffs of Swaledale.
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