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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 635
 Date Entered 03/11/2012
 Updated on 03/11/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Mining Related
 Record Type Northern Britain
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 01/11/2012
 Location Upper Teesdale, Cronkley Fell, Tarn Rigg
 Civil Parish Forest and Frith
 Brit. National Grid NY 85370 28813
 Altitude 427m
 Geology Glacial lateral moraine or protallus rampart. At edge of terace above small tarns below Cronkley Crags.
 Record Name Iron bloomeries on Cronkley Pasture and on Birk Rigg
 Record Description This record describes four iron bloomery sites , three on Cronkley Pasture and one on Birk Rig. These bloomeries are representative of the very large number of these sites scattered across the landscapes of Upper Teesdale south of the Tees and notably those on Holwick Fell dated by their relationship to early medieval settlements(which they generally overlie) to an intense episode of iron smelting during the 12th/13C AD (Gledhill, 2003). Reference: Dr Tom Gledhill, 2003. 'The Charcoal Iron Industry of Upper Teesdale'.In: Past Times in Teesdale. Third Series. pp15-27. Teesdale Record Society and The Bowes Museum.
 Additional Notes These bloomery sites were encountered during a single walk across this area and do not in any way represent a survey. There will be other bloomery sites in this area which are not recorded here. In contrast to the very numerous bloomery sites in Upper Teesdale, bloomery sites are very rare in Swaledale, I have seen just two bloomery sites in Swaledale and those are located close to Throstle Gill Beck directly below the settlement of early medieval character at Dicky Edge.
 Image 1 ID 3595         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85370 28813, 427m
 Image 2 ID 3596         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85370 28813, 427m
 Image 3 ID 3597         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85370 28813, 427m
 Image 4 ID 3598         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85370 28813, 427m
 Image 5 ID 3599         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Slag from iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85370 28813, 427m
 Image 6 ID 3600         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Tarn at Tarn Dub, view west
 Image 7 ID 3601         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Tarn at Tarn Dub, view east.
 Image 8 ID 3602         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85332 28783, 420m
 Image 9 ID 3603         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85332 28783, 420m
 Image 10 ID 3604         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Slag from iron bloomery site on Tarn Rigg below Cronkley Scars. At NY85332 28783, 420m
 Image 11 ID 3605
 Image 11 Description Iron bloomery site on Birk Rig
 Image 12 ID 3606
 Image 12 Description Iron bloomery site on Birk Rig. White Force in LH distance and to the RH distance, the 'New' Moor Dike constructed by French Napoleonic Prisoners of War (Inf, Mr Roger Redfearn).
 Image 13 ID 3607
 Image 13 Description Two iron bloomery site mounds on Cronkley Pasture, the second smaller bloomery is below that in the foreground near the ruined wall which was the Old Moor Dike.
 Image 14 ID 3608
 Image 14 Description Slag from last site
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