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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 482
 Date Entered 27/03/2012
 Updated on 05/04/2012
 Recorded by Stephen Eastmead
 Category Photographic Record
 Record Type General HER
 Site Access Public Footpath
 Record Date 26/03/2012
 Location Fremington Edge Kame Terrace
 Civil Parish Reeth
 Brit. National Grid NZ 036 012
 Altitude 370 to 410m approx
 Geology A Kame terrace is a valley-side terrace formed by the deposition of fluvial or lake sediment along the valley margin of a glacier. The terrace is left stranded on the hillside after the glacier has receded.
 Record Name Fremington Edge Upper Kame Terrace - Pictorial Study
 Record Description The photographic record covers the upper Kame terrace below Fremington Edge, from a point just west of White house Reeth, to its termination at Fell End a distance of approximately 3km.
 Image 1 ID 2451         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description The Kame terrace gradually becomes apparent as you walk west fron above the White House Reeth.
 Image 2 ID 2452         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description 
 Image 3 ID 2453         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description 
 Image 4 ID 2454         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description 
 Image 5 ID 2455         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description 
 Image 6 ID 2456         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description An Enclosure Act drystone walls divides the Kame terrace up into several sections.
 Image 7 ID 2457         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description 
 Image 8 ID 2458         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description 
 Image 9 ID 2459         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description 
 Image 10 ID 2460         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Fell End. Yews on the cliff formed by the Main Limestone and by overlying chert strata. The largest yew is that which grows on the limestone scree. This tree is female with a rich crop of red fleshed berries each october which are the target for flocks of fieldfares and mistle thrushes. Most if not all yews on and below the high limestone cliffs of Swaledale are multi-stemmed. Those growing on scree may consist of up to a dozen substantial stems (or trunks) which rise from a single rootstock which is usually hidden below the scree. Yews on the face of the cliff are also multi stemmed and stunted. Those on the top edge of the cliff grow extremely slowly, 15 annual rings per mm have been recorded. These cliff edge yews (and junipers) are among the oldest trees on earth. See also the Woodland Trust Ancient Tree Hunt Website for details of individual trees in Swaledale.
 Image 11 ID 2461
 Image 11 Description Fell End. Ancient Rowan on cliff edge. The visible trunks and branches of this tree can be described as ancient on grounds of the estimated girth of around 3.0m, its overall appearance and the presence of dead wood, however strictly speaking the visible rowan tree may not live for many decades, perhaps one or two centuries. The rootstock is however truly ancient and will continue to live and to throw up new young shoots to replace the visible tree. Close examination of ancient cliff rowans such as this usually reveal a fresh young rowan shoots which will survive and replace the existing tree when all trace of its existence has disappeared. Question! Bearing in mind that the very large rootstock of rowans on cliffs now exposed, originally penetrated far within the rock as a threadlike root seeking moisture, to grow and expand and in time to completely destabilise the cliff, much of which has now disaappeared. How old is this tree?
 Image 12 ID 2462
 Image 12 Description 
 Image 13 ID 2463
 Image 13 Description 
 Image 14 ID 2464
 Image 14 Description 
 Image 15 ID 2465
 Image 15 Description 
 Image 16 ID 2466
 Image 16 Description 
 Image 17 ID 2467
 Image 17 Description 
 Image 18 ID 2468
 Image 18 Description 
 Image 19 ID 2469
 Image 19 Description 
 Image 20 ID 2470
 Image 20 Description 
 Image 21 ID 2471
 Image 21 Description 
 Image 22 ID 2472
 Image 22 Description 
 Image 23 ID 2473
 Image 23 Description Fell End. Relict woodland vegetation with yews and a solitary juniper on cliff and scree of the Main Limestone. For details of this relict vegetation, see SWAAG Record No 181.
 Image 24 ID 2474
 Image 24 Description 
 Image 25 ID 2475
 Image 25 Description The Kame Terrace ends at Fell End Lead mines
 Image 26 ID 2476
 Image 26 Description The Fell End lead vein extends across Sleigill and under Booze
 Image 27 ID 2477
 Image 27 Description The western end of the Kame terrace seen from above on Fremington Edge.
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