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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie F,S,A,

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 501
 Date Entered 18/04/2012
 Updated on 18/04/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Mining Related
 Record Type Industrial Archaeology
 SWAAG Site Name 
 Site Type 
 Site Name 
 Site Description 
 Site Access Public Footpath
 Record Date 15/04/2012
 Location Keld Heads Lead Mine and Smelt Mill Complex
 Civil Parish Preston Under Scar
 Brit. National Grid SE 079 908
 Altitude 190m
 Geology Middle Limestone.
 Record Name Keld heads Lead Mine and Smelt Mill Complex
 Record Description 'Keld Heads Mine is the oldest mine in Wensleydale of which there is any definite record, and was the richest in the county.' (Robert T. Clough 1961, p96). A full description of the remains of this mine and smelt mill, one of the most extensive industrial lead mine and smelting complexes in the Yorkshire Dales, is available in R.T. Clough: 'The Lead Smelting Mills of theYorkshire Dales and North Pennines.' p96-101. A brief visual overview of photographs of the remains taken during a reccent visit by SWAAG Members is included here. NOTE! Further detailed accounts and photographs provided by SWAAG Member David Brooks of the different elements: the Mine Levels and ?earlier Shaft Mounds, Peat Store, The Smelt Mill, the Pump and Boiler House,the Flues and Condenser House, the Dam, Culverts and Leats within the complex are to each be recorded as seperate specific SWAAG Records.
 Dimensions See photographs
 Geographical area 
 Scientific Name 
 Common / Notable Species 
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 
 Tree: Position / Form / Status 
 Tree Site ID 0
 Associated Site SWAAG ID 0
 Additional Notes The remains are very extensive and include many features within Condenser Wood which repay a detailed search.
 Image 1 ID 2669         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Mine level entrance, boiler room, pump houe and chimney.
 Image 2 ID 2661         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Peat house
 Image 3 ID 2662         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description The pump house
 Image 4 ID 2663         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description The pump house interior with massive stone foundation for the pumps.
 Image 5 ID 2665         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Boilerhouse and chimney
 Image 6 ID 2666         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Boiler room
 Image 7 ID 2667         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Entrance to the mine level.
 Image 8 ID 2670         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Wheel pit providing water power predating the installation of the boilers and pumps.
 Image 9 ID 2671         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Culvert and stream divertion wall
 Image 10 ID 2672         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Culvert
 Image 11 ID 2673
 Image 11 Description Culvert
 Image 12 ID 2674
 Image 12 Description Culvert
 Image 13 ID 2675
 Image 13 Description Flue and Condenser House.
 Image 14 ID 2676
 Image 14 Description Condenser House. Detail of bearing slots
 Image 15 ID 2677
 Image 15 Description Condenser House, detail
 Image 16 ID 2678
 Image 16 Description Condenser House, detail
 Image 17 ID 2679
 Image 17 Description Flue and turf cover
 Image 18 ID 2680
 Image 18 Description Flue and turf cover
 Image 19 ID 2681
 Image 19 Description The dam
 Image 20 ID 2682
 Image 20 Description The dam
 Image 21 ID 2683
 Image 21 Description Flue arch stonework at surface and shaft mound, one of several aligned mounds on the Chaytor Rake Vein ,one of the Keld Heads group.
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