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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 123
 Date Entered 06/02/2011
 Updated on 12/02/2014
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree/Shrub Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 SWAAG Site Name 
 Site Type 
 Site Name 
 Site Description 
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 06/02/2011
 Location Fremington Edge. Fell End Scar.
 Civil Parish Reeth
 Brit. National Grid NZ 0247 0228
 Altitude 430m
 Geology Sheer cliff formed by the Main Limestone with chert strata over. Scree slope and kame terrace below.
 Record Name Fell End Scar. Yews with juniper etc on Limestone Scar at 430m
 Record Description Very large and ancient yews on highly exposed west facing limestone scar and at top of the scree slope below with single juniper, rowan and hawthorn. The solitary gooseberry bush here may be the highest record for this species in Britain, the previous highest record for gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa)was on Ingleborough at 380m. Ref: Pearmain, D. A. and Corneer, R.W.M. 2003. Altitudinal Limits of British and Irish Vascular Plants. BSBI.
 Dimensions N/A
 Geographical area Swaledale North Bank Catchment
 Species Juniper and Gooseberry
 Scientific Name Juniperus communis and Ribes uva-crispa
 Common / Notable Species 
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 
 Tree: Position / Form / Status 
 Tree Site ID 181
 Associated Site SWAAG ID 181
 Additional Notes The largest of the Yews, The Main Yew,a female, see photos, grows at the top of the scree. This fine yew measures 7.1m at the base and has a total of nine stems (trunks) which meet the base of the tree below the level of the scree. Several of the yews on the face of the cliff are also very large and ancient. A total of nine ring ouzels have been seen to be feeding on the berries of these yews during the autumn.
 Image 1 ID 268         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Fell end Scar. Limestone with yew, juniper and blue sky.
 Image 2 ID 269         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Fell End Scar. From the upper kame terrace east of the Hindrake Vein.
 Image 4 ID 271         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description The Main Yew. View eastward.
 Image 5 ID 272         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description The Main Yew with small elder. Limestone cliff with chert strata over.
 Image 6 ID 273         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description The Main Yew. Detail.
 Image 7 ID 274         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Yew at top edge of limestone cliff, with juniper on face of Scar.
 Image 8 ID 275         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Juniper. Single bush on face of cliff with multistemmed yew at top of cliff.
 Image 9 ID 276         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description The Fell End Gooseberry. Highest record in Britain for gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa).
 Image 10 ID 277         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Young yew on face of the cliff. The next generation.
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