Close

This site uses cookies. No personal data is stored. You can read how we use them in our cookies policy. Continuing on this site accepts their use. Thankyou.

Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

Another Search

Scroll Down the Record
 *****SWAAG_ID***** 691
 Date Entered 03/03/2013
 Updated on 05/03/2013
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Earthworks
 Record Type Archaeology
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 02/03/2013
 Location East Witton. Braithwaite Hall Pastures.
 Civil Parish East Witton
 Brit. National Grid 
 Geology Drift over The Main Limestone.
 Record Name Earthwork enclosure at Braithwaite Hall
 Record Description This record, continued from previous record 690, details the walk across two earthwork enclosures, the first being the complex earthwork hillslope enclosure, known as East Witton Camp, above Braithwite Hall at SE120854,270m OD. This large enclosure is situated on the western bank of the steep sided Red Beck Gill and comprises outer ditch and embanked enclosure which in turn contains an inner defended enclosed platform which probably provides the stance for several round houses. A very fine aerial photograph of this earthwork forms the front cover to R.F.White and P.R. Wilson Eds.2004. 'Archaeological and Historic Landscapes of the Yorkshire Dales'Yorkshire Archaeological Society Occasional Paper No. 2. The second of these enclosures is known as Castle Steads and is located at the base of a steep slope in Caldbergh Pastures at SE105853, 300m OD, 1.4km west of East Witton Camp and just below the moor edge. East Witton Camp is larger than Maiden Castle, but shares a number of characteristics with the well known and discussed Swaledale site, firstly both enclosures are overlooked by higher ground and are effectively both in non-defensible locations. Secondly, both are levelled platforms as such are suitable stances for timber structures which leave no surface trace. Thirdly, both Maiden Castle in Swaledale and these two enclosures are defined by substantial ditch and bank and on this account often described as high status settlements. Maiden Castle in Swaledale, with the two barrow-like glacial mounds close to the east entrance and above the western side ditches can equally be considered as necessary to defend stock against wolves. This enclosure above Braithwaite Hall has also been considered as a medieval studfold and the total absence of pottery sherds or any finds would support this, except for the existence of the good levelled platform which points to an earlier, settlement interpretation for this site.
 Dimensions See photographs
 Additional Notes This record consists of photographs taken during a field walk on a fine day in early March by SWAAG Members- Tim and Eileen Laurie,David Brook,Mike Walton and with Jim Brightman across Witton Fell, Braithwaite Moor, Braithwaite Banks, Strut Steer and so down to Caldbergh Pasture. The walk included a visit to the very large and as yet undated earthwork enclosure known as East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall (A very fine aerial photograph of this earthwork forms the front cover to R.F.White and P.R. Wilson Eds.2004. 'Archaeological and Historic Landscapes of the Yorkshire Dales'Yorkshire Archaeological Society Occasional Paper No. 2.) and to the smaller enclosure known as Castle Steads Fort below Crundell Hill at Caldbergh Pasture. Photographs take during this walk of these sites within the enclosed pastures form Part Two of this record. For brief details of the Sites, see Image Captions. The earthworks above Braithwaite Hall have been eroded away by Red Beck and possibly by the exploitation of alluvial or colluvial lead ore on the eastern side. The existence of a lead bale here is of great interest,see specific SWAAG Record to follow.
 Image 1 ID 4089         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description The SE Corner of the outer enclosure ditch next Red Beck Gill
 Image 2 ID 4090         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. Upper ditch view westward.
 Image 3 ID 4091         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. Eroded earthwork near SE Corner.
 Image 4 ID 4092         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. View across the settlement with the inner Scooped Platform just visible behind the ash tree.
 Image 5 ID 4093         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. Upper ditch.
 Image 6 ID 4094         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. Lead bale at base of quarried area below SE corner. Possibly quarried as a small opencast lead hush.
 Image 7 ID 4095         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. The lead bale with much lead slag and some charcoal. This early lead working below the earthworks is of considerable interest
 Image 8 ID 4100         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Braithwaite Banks. Lead mine shaft with other surface open cast lead mine workings above the earthwork enclosure, where there is a bale.
 Image 9 ID 4097         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description East Witton Camp above Braithwaite Hall. Upper earthwork.
 Image 10 ID 4098         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Castle Steads, a simple ditched enclosure on Caldbergh Pastures.
 Image 11 ID 4099
 Image 11 Description Castle Steads, the interior and enclosure ditch No features visible or pottery finds in the molehills.
 Image 12 ID 4101
 Image 12 Description Braithwaite Hall from Braithwaite Banks
 Image 13 ID 4102
 Image 13 Description Braithwaite Hall
PREV 20PREV 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 NEXTNEXT 20
Another Search