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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 278
 Date Entered 11/09/2011
 Updated on 29/10/2011
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Private
 Record Date 25/08/2011
 Location Ivelet Bridge
 Civil Parish Muker
 Brit. National Grid Hidden
 Altitude 242m
 Geology Drift covered slope above river flood plain.
 Record Name Jocelyn's Ancient Ash Hedgerow Coppard
 Record Description Ash 9.30m girth at 1.1m height. Originally pollarded just above ground level then layered within a hedgerow which predated the dry stone parliamentary enclosure wall which abuts this tree. The largest of the ongrowths from the base of this ash tree measures 3m girth and may have been previously cut some 150 years ago. This ancient tree which is the largest ash tree yet recorded in Swaledale may be of of similar age as the largest of the ancient elm pollards of Swaledale, now mostly dead, which were considered to date to the 16th C.
 Dimensions 9.3m girth at 1.1m above ground level.
 Geographical area Upper Swaledale
 Species Common ash.
 Scientific Name Fraxinus excelsior.
 Common / Notable Species This tree is exceptional, firstly in that it is of great girth and of great age and secondly in that the visible characteristics of this tree preserves aspects of Swaledale Landscape History not otherwise familiar. This ash tree was at a very early date, coppiced as a source of usable timber, then allowed to grow on before being cut and laid as a hedgerow tree. This tree preserves the fact of the existence in Swaledale of fields bounded by hedgerows, not stone walls. Evidence for relict hedgerows is widespread throughout Swaledale. One of the aims of this HER will be to record many such relict hedgerow trees in order to allow a reconstruction of the hedgerow landscape which predated the dry stone walled fields of the 18th/19th C. enclosures so familiar to all admirers of the Swaledale landscape.
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 9.3m at 1.10m height
 Tree: Position / Form / Status Short pollard or coppard later layered as a hedgerow tree.
 Additional Notes First recognised and reported by Mrs Jocelyn Campbell.
 Image 1 ID 1035         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description 
 Image 2 ID 1036         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description 
 Image 3 ID 1037         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description 
 Image 4 ID 1038         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description 
 Image 5 ID 1039         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description 
 Image 6 ID 1040         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description 
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