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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 161
 Date Entered 21/03/2011
 Updated on 23/03/2011
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Lithic Find / Scatter
 Record Type Archaeology
 SWAAG Site Name 
 Site Type 
 Site Name 
 Site Description 
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 17/03/2011
 Civil Parish Not known
 Brit. National Grid 
 Altitude 368m
 Geology Underset limestone outcrop.
 Record Name Lithic find of Mesolithic character.
 Record Description Large struck faceted flake of chert or fine grained stone with retouched notch and finger grip which is best described as a spokeshave or arrow shaft smoothing implement.
 Dimensions See Ric Carter's scaled photos of this artefact
 Geographical area 
 Scientific Name 
 Common / Notable Species 
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 
 Tree: Position / Form / Status 
 Tree Site ID 0
 Associated Site SWAAG ID 0
 Additional Notes Mesolithic Cultures have been defined by the invention of the bow and arrow. However, Mesolithic arrow shafts have rarely (if ever in Britain) survived,in contrast to their armatures, those from the transitional Late Upper Palaeolithic/Early Mesolithic Ahrensbergian Site at Stellmoor Ahrensberg were 90cm in length and 1cm in diameter carrying points weighing .5-2g were used to kill reindeer at a fording place in Northern Germany at around 10,000 years ago. The efficiency of these arrows in the hunt cannot be doubted and has been proved by shooting reconstruction experimental arrows of Stellmoor Type with armatures of of Brommian Type into the(previously killed) carcase of a wild boar, see photo.
 Image 1 ID 441         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Large flake with retouched notch. Spokeshave. Photo Ric Carter.
 Image 2 ID 442         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Large flake with retouched notch. Spokeshave.Photo Ric Carter.
 Image 3 ID 443         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Large flake with retouched notch. Spokeshave, detail. Photo Ric Carter.
 Image 4 ID 444         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Large flake with retouched notch. Spokeshave, detail. Photo Ric Carter.
 Image 5 ID 445         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Arrowshafts from Stellmoor and armatures from Geldrop. Rozoy 1990.
 Image 6 ID 446         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Hafting experimental arrow armatures. Anders Fischer 1990.
 Image 7 ID 447         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Experimental arrow fired into the dead carcase of a wild boar. Anders Fischer 1990.
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