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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 1007
 Date Entered 04/10/2017
 Updated on 27/11/2018
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Rock Art
 Record Type Archaeology
 SWAAG Site Name 
 Site Type 
 Site Name 
 Site Description 
 Site Access Private
 Record Date 06/10/2017
 Location Marske and elsewhere in Europe and North Africa..
 Civil Parish Marske
 Brit. National Grid 
 Geology Surface slabs and boulders of fell sandstone.
 Record Name A multiple cup marked boulder on Skelton Moor and the widespread practice and context of cup marking. Part One.
 Record Description Out of Africa perhaps! This record is the first of several records (Parts) intended to draw attention to and to place the extensive distribution of cup and cup and ring marked rock surfaces on the NE Pennine Fringe in their wider context . So as to place the cup marked surfaces of Northern Britain within a wider European and North African context I provide one notable example of a cup marked surface located in Swaledale at Forty Acres near Marske to be compared with others at Monte d'Accordi on the island of Sardinia and within the Wadis (canyons) of the Tadrart Akakus and Messak Settafet mountains on the extreme south western borders of Libya. These Libyan examples were photographed during a visit to this remote area during 2004 organised by Andante Travels and lead by Professor David Mattingley. The cup marked surfaces of the Tadrart Akakus Range are located on the rock floors and on surface slabs at the front of rock shelters whose walls are extensively decorated with painted prehistoric rock art. In so doing my intention is: Firstly to place the practice of cup marking in Northern Britain within a wider context. Secondly to make available within this and subsequent records a suite of these marvellous painted images to a wider audience. The images can speak for themselves and are presented with minimal comment or precise location details. Anyone interested can locate these images from the available literature.
 Dimensions Various, see photos.
 Geographical area 
 Scientific Name 
 Common / Notable Species 
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 
 Tree: Position / Form / Status 
 Tree Site ID 0
 Associated Site SWAAG ID 0
 Additional Notes This Record will be the first of several records (Parts) intended to provide a gallery of related images on this subject. Related books an References: Axel and Anne-Michelle Van Albada. 'La Montagne Des Hommes-Chiens. Art Rupestredu Messak Libyen.'
 Image 1 ID 7422         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Swaledale, Marske CP, Forty Acres. Isolated boulder with multiple cup marks.
 Image 2 ID 7423         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Sardinia. Monte d'Accordi. Multiple cup marks on a remarkable cracked egg-shaped boulder, an exact analogue for the Universal Egg of the Pelasgian Creation Myth (Reference. Robert Graves, The Greek Myths,Vol.1 The Folio Society, P35,1996.)
 Image 3 ID 7424         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Detail of last
 Image 4 ID 7411         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Libya. Tadrart Akakus Range. View from a rock shelter whose walls have prehistoric and later painted decoration.
 Image 5 ID 7412         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Earliest, 'Round Head' Hunters.
 Image 6 ID 7413         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Libya. Tadrart Akakus Range. Earliest, 'Round Head' Hunters.
 Image 7 ID 7414         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Libya. Tadrart Akakus Range. Ostrich with hunter in foreground.
 Image 8 ID 7415         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Libya. Tadrart Akakus Range. Hippopotamus on wall of Rock Shelter. Now at the centre of the most arid area on earth.
 Image 9 ID 7416         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Libya. Tadrart Akakus Range. Earliest, 'Round Head' Hunters.
 Image 10 ID 7421         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Libya. Tadrart Akakus Range. View from rock shelter. Look closely to see the cup marks on the rock floor in foreground.
 Image 11 ID 7425
 Image 11 Description Global warming is not new! This isolated tree is a lone survivor of a once fertile landscape teeming with game.
 Image 12 ID 7426
 Image 12 Description Old Garama. The most southerly mud brick city of the Roman Empire.
 Image 13 ID 7433
 Image 13 Description Old Garama.
 Image 14 ID 7427
 Image 14 Description 
 Image 15 ID 7428
 Image 15 Description Garma. Prof. David Mattingley inspects the Roman cenotaph
 Image 16 ID 7429
 Image 16 Description Ruined cemetary. Garma.
 Image 17 ID 7430
 Image 17 Description 
 Image 18 ID 7431
 Image 18 Description 
 Image 19 ID 7432
 Image 19 Description 
 Image 20 ID 7435
 Image 20 Description Siesta. Garma Oasis
 Image 21 ID 7436
 Image 21 Description Old lake bed. Travelling at high speed towards the Acacus Rock Art sites
 Image 22 ID 7437
 Image 22 Description The Acacus seen during the drive.
 Image 23 ID 7438
 Image 23 Description We enter the Acacus at speed.
 Image 24 ID 7439
 Image 24 Description Acacus at close quarters
 Image 25 ID 7440
 Image 25 Description 
 Image 26 ID 7441
 Image 26 Description Stony desert
 Image 27 ID 7442
 Image 27 Description 
 Image 28 ID 7443
 Image 28 Description 
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