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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie F,S,A,

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 959
 Date Entered 02/11/2016
 Updated on 04/11/2016
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Settlement
 Record Type Archaeology
 SWAAG Site Name 
 Site Type 
 Site Name 
 Site Description 
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 16/10/2016
 Location Reeth Low Moor. Cringley Hill, south terrace.
 Civil Parish Reeth
 Brit. National Grid NY 9958 0059
 Altitude 410m
 Geology Chert strata over The Main Limestone
 Record Name Prehistoric settlent complex on Cringley Hill
 Record Description Settlement complex centred on an ovoid stone banked enclosure 35m*25m overall now masked beneath thick heather. Google Earth Historical Imagery indicates of the presence of a contained round house within this ovoid enclosure. The settlement complex comprises several circular house foundations located within a number of stone banked paddock-like fields. These enclosures extend across the upper, south facing slope of Cringley Hill. Recent heather burning has revealed that the stone embanked fields extend from the present track from Fore Gill Gate down to the front edge of the terrace above the very steep slope above Fore Gill. The remains of a possible stone ring and other disturbed structures have been recognised within these enclosures. At the time of this re-visit, the area, previously visible to the east of the ovoid enclosure (RTH01 on the attached survey plan, is now under heather. Interpretation should not rule out the possibility that this small oval enclosure could be an embanked stone circle or ring cairn predating the settlement complex, however I consider this site to be best considered as a high elevation settlement complex characteristic of Bronze Age Settlements throughout Upland Britain. See attached extracts from the EDM SWALB Survey (with additions) and Laurie, White and Mahaffy, 2004, Figure 6.14 Calverside West.
 Dimensions 400m*200m overall approximately
 Geographical area 
 Scientific Name 
 Common / Notable Species 
 Tree and / or Stem Girth 
 Tree: Position / Form / Status 
 Tree Site ID 0
 Associated Site SWAAG ID 0
 Additional Notes These settlement remains were the first to be recognised in Swaledale during field work which lead to the formation of the Swaledale Land Boundaries Project. Reduction of sheep numbers and grazing pressure has made recognition of these early landscapes very difficult where masked below heather. Fortunately , the episodic heather burning does reveal areas of these settlement landscapes as the photos taken recently at Cringley Hill, see below, confirm.
 Image 1 ID 7015         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description 
 Image 2 ID 7011         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description 
 Image 3 ID 7012         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description 
 Image 4 ID 7013         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description 
 Image 5 ID 7014         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description 
 Image 6 ID 7018         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description SWALB (1984-1993) EDM Theodolite Survey of the Early Landscapes of Reeth Low Moor, Western Section.
 Image 7 ID 7016         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Settlement remains on Cringley Hill, detail based on this survey
 Image 8 ID 7017         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Settlement remains on Cringley Hill, detail based on this survey.
 Image 9 ID 7019         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description View over the settlement terrace towards the ovoid enclosure in mid distance. Field boundary and orthostat in foreground.
 Image 10 ID 7020         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Early photo of the ovoid enclosure masked in heather.
 Image 11 ID 7023
 Image 11 Description Ovoid enclosure masked by heather.
 Image 12 ID 7024
 Image 12 Description Ovoid enclosure masked by heather.
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