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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 524
 Date Entered 19/05/2012
 Updated on 19/05/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Settlement
 Record Type Archaeology
 Site Access Public Footpath
 Record Date 19/05/2012
 Location Bowes, East Mellwaters Farm
 Civil Parish Not known
 Brit. National Grid NY 9685 1245
 Altitude 288m
 Geology Alluvial pasture within stream cut ravine.
 Record Name Enclosed Settlement at East Mellwaters Farm, Bowes.
 Record Description This well preserved curvilinear settlement has been surveyed and fully described, see Laurie, T.C. 1984. Durham Archaeological Journal Volume 1, pp 35-39 (see plan and article attached). The cluster of bank and ditched enclosures at NYxxyy (centre) the top of the ravine could be stock pens associated with this settlement. The extensive complex of levelled settlement platforms, enclosures in the grass paddock close to the Farm and the field system in pastures between Sleightholme Beck and the Greta are likely to be later (Medieval?) in date. All these later features at East Mellwaters have subsequently been surveyed within the A66 Project.
 Dimensions Enclosing bank 11m wide. Area enclosed 45m*38m. Central round house 9.5m internal diameter.
 Additional Notes The significance of this Native Farmstead Settlement of Late Prehistoric Iron Age or Roman lies in its location some 2.5km west of the Roman Fort at Bowes. The complete absence of any pottery finds from the numerous molehills on this site points to an earlier, native Iron Age aceramic occupation rater than to Roman Period occupation. East Mellwaters Farm is on the route of the Pennine Way Bowes Diversion and East Mellwaters Farm has an extremely well designed system of open access footpaths enabling easy walking around the whole farm which is so beautifilly situated between Sleightholme Beck and The River Greta.
 Image 1 ID 2904         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description East Mellwaters Farm with Native Iron Age Settlement close to the sheepfold, centre.
 Image 2 ID 2898         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Reference: The Durham Archaeological Journal, Volume 1 1984, pp 35-39 (Laurie, T.C. 'An Enclosed Settlement near East Mellwaters Farm, Bowes, Co. Durham.'
 Image 3 ID 2899         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description 
 Image 4 ID 2900         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Plane Table Survey Plan and Section.
 Image 5 ID 2901         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description 
 Image 6 ID 2902         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description 
 Image 7 ID 2903         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description 
 Image 8 ID 2895         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description 
 Image 9 ID 2896         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description 
 Image 10 ID 2897         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description 
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