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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 882
 Date Entered 22/07/2015
 Updated on 24/07/2015
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Mining Related
 Record Type Mining
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 20/07/2015
 Location Satron Moor and Beazy Hill
 Civil Parish Grinton
 Brit. National Grid SD 946 946
 Altitude 530m
 Geology Faulted Little and Red Beds mineralised limestones and cherts high above Oxnop Scar worked from shallow shafts on the line of the Satron Tarn String, the Simon Grooves String and the Beazy String. The shallow shaft mounds are visible as islands of calcareous grass within a pathless blanket peat moorland and water filled peat gutters. This Mining ground is described in detail in: Dunham and Wilson 1985: British Geological Survey Memoirs: 'Geology of the North Pennine Orefield.Volume 2. Stainmore to Craven, Chapter 11, pp167-170. HMSO.
 Record Name Lead mining remains on Satron Moor: Satron Tarn String, the Simon Grooves String and the Beazy String.
 Record Description These extensive lead mine operations are today visible as isolated shallow shaft mounds within an area of deep blanket peat. More concentrated mining remains are to be seen at Beazy Hill. Despite searching, no galena was visible in the dressing floors and the mine debris here was generally limonitised limestone with brown partly oxidised carbonate enclosing cerussite crystal-coated galena characteristic of flots. (Dunham and Wilson, 1985 p.167.)
 Additional Notes The brown mineral in photos 2 an3 below could be the brown mineral which BGS Memoir mentions 'limonitised limestone with brown, partly oxidised carbonate enclosing cerussite-coated crystals of galena' and also the presence of 'an unusual dense massive goethite on the Beazy String which Raistrick 1975 p.85 ascribes to replacement of massive iron carbonate,...or from oxidisation of pyrite.'
 Image 1 ID 6286         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Isolated shaft mound within blanket peat
 Image 2 ID 6287         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description The brown lead ore found at Beazy String is probably that described by Raistrick 1975, p.85 and in the BGS Memoir as: 'partly oxidised carbonate enclosing cerussite-coated crystals of galena' as seen at Simon Grooves'
 Image 3 ID 6288         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description The lead ore as seen at Beazy String
 Image 4 ID 6289         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Wax Cap toadstool on mine debris.
 Image 5 ID 6290         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Water filled peat gutter despite the summer drought.
 Image 6 ID 6291         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Distant glimpse of Summerlodge Tarn,
 Image 7 ID 6292         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Shaft Mound on Simon Grooves.
 Image 8 ID 6293         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Bright lichen in mine debris,
 Image 9 ID 6294         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Compound coral fossilised in limestone.
 Image 10 ID 6296         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Beware! Recently collapsed peat in-filled mine shaft.
 Image 11 ID 6297         Click image to enlarge
 Image 11 Description Moss vegetation on the mine debris
 Image 12 ID 6299         Click image to enlarge
 Image 12 Description THe head of Beazy Hill lead mine area
 Image 13 ID 6301         Click image to enlarge
 Image 13 Description Scurvy grass (Cochlearia offinalis), a common metalophyte on lead mine debris.
 Image 14 ID 6303         Click image to enlarge
 Image 14 Description Round leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) on wet peat
 Image 15 ID 6304         Click image to enlarge
 Image 15 Description Mine shaft, the uppermost of three isolated shafts on Beazy string.
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