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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 844
 Date Entered 01/01/2015
 Updated on 19/03/2015
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Army Range
 Record Date 30/12/2014
 Location Dalton Gill upstream from the farm access road atNZ10320707
 Civil Parish Gayles
 Brit. National Grid NZ 1020 0700
 Altitude 270m
 Geology Stream cut ravine through glacial drift over strata below the Underset Limestone.
 Record Name Dalton Beck Upper Reach. Relict ash wood with aspen grove
 Record Description Species rich stream side ash woodland with small grove of aspen trees, sallows, holly, old hazel coppice and ancient rowan with isolated stunted oak(Qu. robur), hawthorn and crab apple on a relict hedge bank lost within the woodland which was once pasture, possibly related to Crumma or the abandoned settlement of Hornbriggs.
 Dimensions See photos.
 Additional Notes This fragment of woodland which survives within the comparative shelter of the steep sided ravine at the upper reach of Dalton Gill is of considerable landscape interest, being of native tree species which have from time immemorial been managed as coppice. The small copse of aspens is of particular interest. This species, one of the colonising tundra tree species at the end of the last Glacial, reproduces from swarms of suckers (ramets) which spring from the roots of two or three generations of older trees to form characteristic cloned copses capable of living indefinitely. Individual trees grow rapidly and would be a very valuable and attractive commercial timber tree since as the tree regenerates from root suckers, no replanting would be necessary following felling.
 Image 1 ID 5986         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Dalton Beck. The upper reaches and one of two deserted farm steadings at Hornbriggs.
 Image 2 ID 5987         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description One of the two deserted farm steadings at Hornbriggs.
 Image 3 ID 5988         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description One of two deserted farm steadings at Hornbriggs.
 Image 4 ID 6019         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description The two deserted steadings at Hornbriggs. Not yet visited.
 Image 5 ID 5990         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Ash and birch trees at the top edge of the ravine
 Image 6 ID 5991         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Ash trees at the top edge of the ravine
 Image 7 ID 5992         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Ash trees at the top edge of the ravine
 Image 8 ID 5993         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Ash trees at the top edge of the ravine
 Image 9 ID 5994         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Ash trees at the top edge of the ravine
 Image 10 ID 5995         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Ash trees at the top edge of the ravine
 Image 11 ID 5996         Click image to enlarge
 Image 11 Description Two stunted and hollowing oak (Qu. robur) trees on relict field hedge bank.
 Image 12 ID 5998         Click image to enlarge
 Image 12 Description Fallen leaf of Qu. robur, the species of oak native to the NE Pennine fringe.
 Image 13 ID 6016         Click image to enlarge
 Image 13 Description The same hedge bank with hawthorn and stunted oak trees from below
 Image 14 ID 6017         Click image to enlarge
 Image 14 Description Hawthorn and crab apple on the same hedge bank
 Image 15 ID 6018         Click image to enlarge
 Image 15 Description Old hollowed crab apple on the same hedge bank
 Image 16 ID 6001         Click image to enlarge
 Image 16 Description Ash coppice by the stream.
 Image 17 ID 6002         Click image to enlarge
 Image 17 Description Ash on ruined field wall by stream.
 Image 18 ID 6003         Click image to enlarge
 Image 18 Description Ash with self rooting sallows on this wall.
 Image 19 ID 6004         Click image to enlarge
 Image 19 Description Very large Rowan on the same wall
 Image 20 ID 6005         Click image to enlarge
 Image 20 Description Very large Rowan with hazel forming a tangle on the same wall
 Image 21 ID 6006         Click image to enlarge
 Image 21 Description Old hazel coppice
 Image 22 ID 6007         Click image to enlarge
 Image 22 Description Large sallow washed out by the last flood.
 Image 23 ID 6008         Click image to enlarge
 Image 23 Description Large coppiced downy birch by the stream, growing through gorse
 Image 24 ID 6009         Click image to enlarge
 Image 24 Description Large coppiced downy birch by the stream
 Image 25 ID 6010         Click image to enlarge
 Image 25 Description  This fine birch has fallen and re rooted to live again
 Image 26 ID 6011         Click image to enlarge
 Image 26 Description  This fine birch has fallen and re rooted to live again
 Image 27 ID 6012         Click image to enlarge
 Image 27 Description Detail to show the fallen stems of this birch which have re rooted to live again
 Image 28 ID 6015         Click image to enlarge
 Image 28 Description Aspens with downy birch by the stream.
 Image 29 ID 6014         Click image to enlarge
 Image 29 Description Aspen grove, the oldest tree.
 Image 30 ID 6013         Click image to enlarge
 Image 30 Description Aspen Grove. group of young ramets which spring from an older tree.
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