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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 744
 Date Entered 15/08/2013
 Updated on 15/08/2013
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Mining Related
 Record Type Mining
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 11/08/2013
 Location Nine Standards. Rollinson Gill Head
 Civil Parish Muker
 Brit. National Grid NY 822 057
 Altitude 636m
 Geology Upper Carboniferous, Namurian (Pendleian)Strata at edge of the Pennine Escarpment. Mirk Fell Ganister (with coal) and Howgate Edge Grit. Overlain with eroded 2m deep blanket peat hag (up to 5m deep at Backstone Beck Head).
 Record Name The Rollinson Gill Colliery which at 620-635m elevation is probably the highest Colliery in Britain!
 Record Description Shaft mounds marking the site of the Rollinson Gill Colliery which are spaced at intervals close to Rollinson Gill from around 620m elevation up to the peat hags on the plateau at 637m.
 Dimensions See photos
 Additional Notes The shaft mounds are well vegetated except for the uppermost shaft which has eroded to reveal the shale and coal upcast composition of the mound. The coal is very like shale, see photo image, and was probably only suitable for burning limestone in limekilns. A great number of coalpit shaft mounds are located on Great Edge above Nateby at 430m which is far below the Main Limestone on the Westmoreland side of the escarpment. The track up to Rollinson Gill Head is a very well built cobbled roadway suitable for horse and cart.
 Image 1 ID 4627         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description View north-westward across the Vale of Eden to the Pennine Escarpment and Cross Fell from the coal road up to Rollinson Gill Head.
 Image 2 ID 4628         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Coal pit shaft at Rollinson Gill Head, 643m elevation.
 Image 3 ID 4633         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Coal pit shaft at Rollinson Gill Head, 643m elevation.
 Image 4 ID 4629         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Coal fragment in the eroded shaft mound.
 Image 5 ID 4630         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Coal pit shaft and blanket peat. Dukerdale Head far below.
 Image 6 ID 4631         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Coal pit shaft mound lower down Rollinson Gill.
 Image 7 ID 4632         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Coal pit shaft mound at the top of Rollinson Gill.
 Image 8 ID 4633         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Coal pit shaft mound at the top of Rollinson Gill. View to the Howgill Fells.
 Image 9 ID 4634         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description View from the coal road towards Mallerstang Edge,Wild Boar Fell and down to the road from Keld to Nateby.
 Image 10 ID 4635         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Eroding peat hag with cotton grass at the head of Rollinson Gill.
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