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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 181
 Date Entered 02/05/2011
 Updated on 22/08/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 13/05/2006
 Location Fremington Edge, Fell End Scar and Fell End Lead Mine
 Civil Parish Reeth
 Brit. National Grid NZ 025 023
 Altitude 380-450m
 Geology Main Limestone with chert strata above forming a sheer cliff.
 Record Name Relict woodland vegetation with yew and juniper on Fell End Scar.
 Record Description A varied relict cliff tree flora which includes very large and ancient yew trees, a solitary juniper bush, rowan, hawthorn, rose, elder and a solitary gooseberry bush, which may be the highest gooseberry bush in Yorkshire if not in the world! These trees grow on the face of a highly exposed west facing cliff formed by the Main Limestone with overlying chert strata Common tree and shrub species present: Yew, hazel, rowan, elder. hawthorn, rose, ivy. Common flowering plant species present: Dog's mercury (Mercurialis perennis) in scree, lords and ladies (Arum maculatum),cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis), hawkweeds (Hieracium sp), Biting stonecrop (Sedum acre), dandelions (Taraxacum sp), thyme, wood sage,limestone bedstraw, ragwort. (As seen in early Spring.) Wall rue (two plants in crevice at base of cliff), Brittle baldder fern (single plant, ditto), Maidenhair spleenwort. Common tree species absent: Wych elm. Ash. (Wych elm is present 500m to the east, on the scar on the west side of the Hind Rake Vein.) Scarce plants present: Juniper, probably the prostrate form. J.comm. ssp nana. Single bush on face of scar, severely cut back since photographed in May 2006. Spring sandwort (Minuartia verna) on lead mining ground above the Scar. Alpine penny cress. (Thlaspi caerulescens), near flush above the Scar. Moonwort. (Asplenium ruta-muria), on lead mining ground above the Scar.
NZ 025 023 centre
 Dimensions N/A
 Geographical area Swaledale North Bank Catchment
 Additional Notes Fell End Scar is a sheer and dangerous limestone cliff and should on no account be approached from above. The yew trees can best be viewed in safety from the wide grass terrace below the cliff.
 Image 1 ID 271         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Fell End Scar. The major yew.
 Image 2 ID 622         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Fell End Scar
 Image 5 ID 272         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Fell End Scar. The Major Yew. Note small elder epiphyte.
 Image 6 ID 274         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Juniper on face of Scar. With yew and hawthorn.
 Image 7 ID 612         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Gooseberrry with yew on face of cliff.
 Image 8 ID 277         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Seedling yew on face of cliff
 Image 9 ID 614         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Two conjoined yews at top edge of cliff.
 Image 10 ID 615         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Yews which grow at the most exposed situation as this are probably in excess of 100years in age.
 Image 11 ID 616         Click image to enlarge
 Image 11 Description Rowan at top of Scar.
 Image 12 ID 617         Click image to enlarge
 Image 12 Description Stunted yew at top of Scar.
 Image 13 ID 618         Click image to enlarge
 Image 13 Description Stunted yew, detail. These small yews are extemely slow growing.
 Image 14 ID 619         Click image to enlarge
 Image 14 Description Stunted hazel on face of cliff.
 Image 15 ID 620         Click image to enlarge
 Image 15 Description 
 Image 16 ID 622         Click image to enlarge
 Image 16 Description 
 Image 17 ID 623         Click image to enlarge
 Image 17 Description Dandelion on face of Scar. Very many sub-species of dandelion have been identified by Specialist Botanists.
 Image 18 ID 624         Click image to enlarge
 Image 18 Description Maidenhair spleenwort on face of Scar.
 Image 19 ID 625         Click image to enlarge
 Image 19 Description Wall rue.
 Image 20 ID 626         Click image to enlarge
 Image 20 Description Brittle bladder fern.
 Image 21 ID 627         Click image to enlarge
 Image 21 Description Thlaspi caerulescens. A little gem. Associated with lead zinc mine workings.
 Image 22 ID 628         Click image to enlarge
 Image 22 Description Minuartia verna. A little gem. Associated with lead zinc mine workings.
 Image 23 ID 629         Click image to enlarge
 Image 23 Description Moonwort fern. Emerging from fine limestone turf.
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