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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 175
 Date Entered 19/04/2011
 Updated on 24/04/2011
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Ring Cairns
 Record Type Archaeology
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 19/04/2011
 Location Preston Moor, Redmire Moor, Redmire Scar, Low Scar and Preston Scar.
 Civil Parish Preston Under Scar
 Brit. National Grid SE 060 940
 Altitude From 320m to 470m
 Geology Outcrop of The Main Limestone which have been very extensively worked for lead on the line of the Cobscar Vein and Chaytor Rake and and the overlying Richmond Cherts which have been worked extensively both for lead and for coal above
 Record Name Preston Moor, including that part of Redmire Moor east of the unfenced road from Grinton to Redmire and the steep pastures below Redmire Scar.
 Record Description In the knowledge that the whole of the fossil upland landscape of Redmire Moor, Preston Moor, Redmire Scar and Low Scar Pastures amount to more than the sum of their parts, this overview will describe the physical background to the human occupation within this strategic location and the archaeological evidence for human activity and settlement through post glacial time and during different cultural periods. The area described includes all or parts of the following subdivisions identified by a recognisable salient feature in the landscape: AREA 1 Redmire South, Comprising all or parts of KM2: SE0492, SE0493, SE0592, SE0593. Thorny Bank Hill, Grasper Bank and Low Scar Pastures south of Redmire Quarry 1 Lithic sites. 2. Ring cairn on Thorny bank Hill. 3. Fragmented field system and cairnfield. 4. Burnt mounds 4No. 5. Unenclosed round house settlement at Low Scar. 6. Unenclosed house platform settlement below Low Scar. 7. Extensive lead and zinc (calamine) mining remains, including the Cobscar Smelt Mill, flue and chimney and large moss dam. 8. Botanical records. Area 2, Redmire North, comprising: Redmire Forest, Forest Gill, Hassocks, Tewfit How. SE0494 SE0594 Coal pit shafts. The roads to the coal mines. Otherwise not yet field walked. Area 3 Preston Moor South, comprising: Preston Quarry, Stopmore Rake, Chaytor Rake Terry Plain and Broomber Rigg SE0692, SE0693, SE0792, SE0793. Lithic scatters. Ring cairn. Isolated burial mounds. Unenclosed settlement and field system. The only well preserved palisade enclosure recognised to date in th NE Pennines. The largest (in area) curvilinear stone banked enclosure so far recognised in the NE Pennines, with associated hut circles. Burnt mounds 2No. Extensive lead mining remains including mine shops. Area 4 Preston Moor North Comprising: Forest Gill, Candle House Rigg, Far Cranehow and Robin Cross Hill SE0594, SE0595 SE0694, SE0695 SE0794 Coal pit shafts. The roads to the coal mines. Otherwise not yet field walked.
SE060940 centre
 Dimensions N.A.
 Additional Notes This record should be considered as work in progress and further details will be added from time to time. Individual sites and finds will each be recorded and described seperately on this database.
 Image 1 ID 574         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Ring cairn at Thorny Bank Hill
 Image 2 ID 575         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Ring cairn at Thorny Bank Hill
 Image 3 ID 576         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Ring Cairn at Thorny bank Hill
 Image 4 ID 364         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Lithic Finds. Preston Quarry, Laurie 2003, Figure 64. Finds in the Dales Countryside Museum, Hawes.
 Image 5 ID 365         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Lithic finds. Preston Quarry.
 Image 6 ID 366         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Lithic finds. Preston Quarry.
 Image 7 ID 580         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Grasper Bank Springs. Burnt Mound. View southeard to Cobscar Rake and Mine Shop.
 Image 8 ID 581         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Grasper Bank Springs. Burnt Mound. View southeard to Cobscar Rake and Mine Shop.
 Image 9 ID 588         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Palisade Enclosure crossed by later stone banked enclosure. Google Earth Image.
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