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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 457
 Date Entered 14/02/2012
 Updated on 17/02/2012
 Recorded by Mike Walton
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Public Footpath
 Record Date 12/02/2012
 Location Between Ivelet and Rampsholme
 Civil Parish Muker
 Brit. National Grid SD 928 979
 Altitude 822ft
 Geology Glacial drift over Middle Limestone
 Record Name Relict hedgerows between Ivelet and Rampsholme.
 Record Description Relict hedgerows on the line of later drystone enclosure walls evidenced by fair numbers of ancient layered (laid) hedgerow trees. To date the majority of these ancient layered trees are ash, but occasional wych elm and bird cherry. Fair numbers of ancient hedgerow hawthorns are also present. Without exception,the late 18th/Early 19thC dry stone field walls abut the relict hedgerow trees shown on the photographs below. This evidence clearly indicates that the relict hedgerows predate the present day walled landscapes of Upper Swaledale. TCL Note! Andrew Fleming first noticed that the walled landscapes of Swaledale were preceded by a hedgerow landscape, however the evidence has only now beeen presented in photographic detail.
 Dimensions Widespread and scattered among walled pastures below the unfenced road from Gunnerside.
 Geographical area Upper Swaledale
 Additional Notes The purpose of this record is to provide a photo record of examples of these relict hedges as seen from the public footpaths which traverse these pastures.
 Image 1 ID 2266         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Ash in wall above Shore Gill, Ivelet, SD9371793003.
 Image 2 ID 2267         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Very large ash in wall near Ivelet Bridge, SD9327 9788.
 Image 3 ID 2268         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Another view of ash in 2267.
 Image 4 ID 2269         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Cut section through branch of a fallen ash by the River Swale, showing growth rings. Approx SD9323 9780.
 Image 5 ID 2270         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Cut section with tape measure for scale. Diameter 344mm, ring count indicates this is about 176 years old, i.e the average growth rate was about 0.98mm per year.
 Image 6 ID 2273         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Ancient short pollard wych elm at SD91950 97887, altitude 806ft.
 Image 7 ID 2272         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description  Wych elm (as 2273) girth measurement (4.56m at 0.8m).
 Image 8 ID 2274         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Cut section through a branch fallen from Wych Elm ( as 2273), showing growth rings.
 Image 9 ID 2275         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Cut section with measuring tape for scale. Diameter 183mm, ring count indicates this branch was about 110 years old, i.e the average growth rate was about 0.83mm per year.
 Image 10 ID 2276         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Dead pollarded wych elm at SD91993 97868, altitude 822ft. (Girth 3.65m at 1.0m)
 Image 11 ID 2277
 Image 11 Description Laid ash tree between the two previous elms
 Image 12 ID 2278
 Image 12 Description View showing the two previous wych elms and the ash tree together.
 Image 13 ID 2279
 Image 13 Description Laid ash tree in wall at SD92822 97908, altitude 906ft. Viewed from south. Estimated girth 4.5m.
 Image 14 ID 2280
 Image 14 Description Laid ash tree in wall at SD92822 97908, viewed from north.
 Image 15 ID 2281
 Image 15 Description Wych elm at SD93071 97921, altitude 848ft. Very stunted with dead wood and many bulbous growths. Otherwise appears to be healthy.
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