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Viewing website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 888
 Date Entered 09/08/2015
 Updated on 09/08/2015
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Flower / Plant Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Public Footpath
 Location Preston Scar
 Civil Parish Preston Under Scar
 Brit. National Grid 
 Geology Sheer south facing cliff formed from the Main Limestone. The Main Limestone to the rear of the cliff has been quarried away.
 Record Name Guelder Rose, Marjoram, Weld and other flowering plants seen on Redmire Scar.
 Record Description This is the first of several records which will show selected trees, shrubs and flowers on and below the named limestone scars which form the top edge of Wensleydale and Swaledale.
 Dimensions See photos
 Common / Notable Species Thanks to Wikipedia for the following: Weld,Reseda luteola. See photo image Nos. 6400,6401 below, Reseda luteola is a plant species in the genus Reseda. Common names include dyer's rocket, dyer's weed, weld, woold, and yellow weed.[1] A native of Eurasia, the plant can be found in North America as an introduced species and common weed. While other resedas were used for the purpose, this species was the most widely used source of the natural dye known as weld. The plant is rich in luteolin, a flavonoid which produces a bright yellow dye.[2] The yellow could be mixed with the blue from woad (Isatis tinctoria) to produce greens such as Lincoln green.[2] The dye was in use by the first millennium BC, and perhaps earlier than either woad or madder. Use of this dye came to an end at the beginning of the twentieth century, when cheaper synthetic yellow dyes came into use.[3] France exported large quantities of weld.[1] It prefers waste places. Good weld for dye must have flowers of a yellow or greenish color, and abound in leaves; that which is small, thin-stemmed, and yellow is better than that which is large, thick-stemmed, and green; that which grows on dry, sandy soils is better than that produced on rich and moist soils. For the greatest production of coloring matter, the plant should be cut before the fruits show much development, otherwise the pigment diminishes. Dye from weld serves equally for linen, wool, and silk, dyeing with proper management all shades of yellow, and producing a bright and beautiful color.[1] References[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reseda luteola. 1.^ Jump up to: a b c Wikisource-logo.svg "Weld
 Additional Notes Further photographs will be added following further visits. The Guelder Rose, the foliage and berries of Viburnum opulus are best seen in autumn. The Rock Rose carpet is best seen in May and June. The rather different flowers of Redmire Scar will be recorded separately. Preston Scar is the eastern section of a long continuous Scar with Redmire Scar the western section. Sadly the Main Limestone, a Stategic National Resource, at the rear of the whole length of both of these Scars has been quarried away, leaving just a few feet of living rock more or less undisturbed. We shall, I suppose, need to be grateful that the view from below of the fine northern edge of Wensleydale has not been destroyed.
 Image 1 ID 6392         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus)with Blackthorn at the base of the cliff. Preston Spring.
 Image 2 ID 6391         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Guelder Rose
 Image 3 ID 6393         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Guelder Rose
 Image 4 ID 6394         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Valerian (V. officinalis) on scree below the Scar.
 Image 5 ID 6395         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Valerian (V. officinalis) on scree below the Scar.
 Image 6 ID 6396         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Marjoram, in fine form above the Scar on the edge of the quarry. This would cost you a lot in a pot!
 Image 7 ID 6397         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description Marjoram, detail.
 Image 8 ID 6399         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Musk mallow
 Image 9 ID 6400         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Weld, see above for extract from Wikepedia for the valuable properties of this plant
 Image 10 ID 6401         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Weld a colonising plant on waste ground at the edge of the quarry
 Image 11 ID 6411
 Image 11 Description Wild strawberry
 Image 12 ID 6412
 Image 12 Description Elder, a shrub frequently seen on the exposed top edge of limestone scars. Mats of rock rose, long since finished flowering, on the edge of the scar.
 Image 13 ID 6414
 Image 13 Description English stonecrop, Sedum anglicum on the edge of the Scar.
 Image 14 ID 6415
 Image 14 Description Biting stonecrop, Sedum acre, on the edge of the Scar.
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